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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 221-227

Firstborn offspring sex ratio is skewed towards female offspring in anesthesia care providers: A questionnaire-based nationwide study from United States


Department of Anesthesiology, Wayne State University/Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, MI 48201, United States

Correspondence Address:
Hong Wang
Anesthesiology, Wayne State University, Box No 162, 3990 John R, Detroit, Michigan 48201
United States
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-9185.111728

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Background: A parental occupation such as anesthesia care provider can involve exposure of the parent to various chemicals in the work environment and has been correlated to skewed offspring sex ratios. Objectives: The objective was to conduct a nation-wide survey to observe (a) whether firstborn offspring sex ratio (OSR) in anesthesia providers is skewed towards increased female offspring, and (b) to identify potential factors influencing firstborn OSR, particularly those relating to the peri-conceptional practice of inhalational anesthesia induction among anesthesia providers. Materials and Methods: After institutional review board approval, a questionnaire was uploaded on SurveyMonkey and sent to anesthesia providers through their program coordinators in United States (US) to complete the survey. Results: The current US national total-population sex ratio is 0.97 male (s)/female with an at-birth sex ratio of 1.05 male (s)/female; comparatively, the results from anesthesia providers' survey respondents (n = 314) were a total OSR of 0.93 male (s)/female ( P = 0.61) with firstborn OSR 0.82 male (s)/female (a 6% increase in female offspring; P = 0.03), respectively. The only significant peri-conceptional factor related to anesthesia providers' firstborn OSR's skew was inhalational induction practice by anesthesia care provider favoring female offspring ( P < 0.01). Conclusion: Based on the results of this limited survey, it can be concluded that anesthesia care providers who practice inhalation induction of anesthesia during the peri-conceptional period are significantly more likely to have firstborn female offspring.


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