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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 333-336

Composite auditory evoked potentials index is not a good indicator of depth of anesthesia in propofol-fentanyl anesthesia: Randomized comparative study


Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, New Tokyo Hospital, Wanagaya, Matsudo, Chiba, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Tomoki Nishiyama
Kishi-cho, Urawa-ku, Saitama, 330-0064
Japan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-9185.117087

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Background: The composite auditory evoked potentials index (cAAI) was considered a measure of overall balance between noxious stimulation, analgesia, and hypnosis; while bispectral index (BIS) shows only hypnosis, and auditory evoked potentials index (AAI) shows response to stimuli. The present study compared the performance of cAAI, BIS, and AAI in propofol-fentanyl anesthesia. Materials and Methods: Forty-five patients for abdominal surgery aged 30-65 years with ASA physical status I or II were randomly divided into three groups by an envelope method. Anesthesia was induced with midazolam, propofol, and fentanyl alongwith an epidural block. When hemodynamics were stable during surgery, propofol infusion rate was fixed at 4 mg/kg/h for 10 min, then increased to 6 mg/kg/h and kept it for 10 min. AAI (AEP version 1.4), cAAI (AEP version 1.6), or BIS (A-2000) was monitored in each 15 patients, and the performance of three indices was compared. Results: All three indices decreased significantly before intubation. Only the AAI increased significantly by intubation. During anesthesia except for at propofol 6 mg/kg/h, the cAAI was significantly higher than the AAI. Only the AAI was significantly lower at propofol 6 mg/kg/h than at 4 mg/kg/h. The cAAI had the largest and AAI had the smallest inter-individual variations. The cAAI was higher than the manufacturer's recommended range of general anesthesia. Conclusion: In propofol-fentanyl anesthesia, AAI might be better to discriminate anesthetic depth than cAAI and BIS.


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