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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 53-58

Is midazolam superior to triclofos and hydroxyzine as premedicant in children?

Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, University College of Medical Sciences & Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Dilshad Garden, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Rashmi Salhotra
A/2, 268, Second Floor, Paschim Vihar, New Delhi- 110063
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-9185.125704

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Background: Search for an ideal premedicant drug for children is still on. A prospective, randomized trial was conducted to compare the efficacy of midazolam, triclofos and hydroxyzine as premedication in children undergoing lower abdominal surgeries. Materials and Methods: Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists I or II patients 2-8 years of age, scheduled for elective lower abdominal surgery were included. The patients were randomly divided into three groups M, T and H of 20 children each who received midazolam 0.5 mg/kg, triclofos 75 mg/kg and hydroxyzine 0.5 mg/kg respectively, orally 60 min before surgery. The acceptability of drugs, level of sedation, anxiety during separation and on mask application was assessed. Results: The acceptability of midazolam and hydroxyzine was better than triclofos. Hydroxyzine was found to have lesser sedative effect as compared to both midazolam and triclofos. No major adverse effects were observed. Conclusion: Midazolam was found to be a better premedicant in terms of sedation, anxiolysis and safety.

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