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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 306-316

Temperature management under general anesthesia: Compulsion or option


Department of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care, All Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Ashish Bindra
Department of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/joacp.JOACP_334_16

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Administration of general anesthesia requires continuous monitoring of vital parameters of the body including body temperature. However, temperature continues to be one of the least seriously monitored parameters perioperatively. Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia is a relatively common occurrence with both general and regional anesthesia and can have significant adverse impact on patients' outcome. While guidelines for perioperative temperature management have been proposed, there are no specific guidelines regarding the best site or best modality of temperature monitoring and management intraoperatively. Various warming and cooling devices are available which help maintain perioperative normothermia. This article discusses the physiology of thermoregulation, effects of anesthesia on thermoregulation, various temperature monitoring sites and methods, perioperative warming devices, guidelines for perioperative temperature management and inadvertent temperature complications (hypothermia/hyperthermia) and measures to control it in the operating room.


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