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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 509-513

Analgesic efficacy of dexamethasone as an adjuvant to caudal bupivacaine for infraumbilical surgeries in children: A prospective, randomized study


Department of Anaesthesiology, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Aruna Parameswari
Department of Anaesthesiology, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/joacp.JOACP_167_17

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Background and Aims: Provision of adequate perioperative analgesia in children is important to attenuate the stress response to surgery. Caudal analgesia using local anesthetics is a traditionally used technique but provides a limited duration of analgesia. Several adjuvants can be added to local anesthetics to increase the duration of action. This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of dexamethasone added to bupivacaine for caudal block in children. Material and Methods: This was a prospective, double-blinded trial on 130 children aged between 6 months and 6 years of age allocated randomly into one of two groups for elective subumbilical surgeries. Children in Group C received caudal bupivacaine and those in Group D received caudal bupivacaine with 0.1 mg/kg of dexamethasone. Results: The mean duration of analgesia when dexamethasone was added to caudal bupivacaine was 1044.92 (±48.66) min, while it was 435.85 (±17.95) min with plain bupivacaine. The number of doses of rescue analgesics required and the mean pain score was also lesser in this group. Conclusion: The addition of 0.1 mg/kg of dexamethasone to caudal bupivacaine increases the duration of analgesia of caudal bupivacaine without any side effects in children undergoing subumbilical surgeries.


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