Users Online: 27 Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size  
Home | About us | Editorial board | Search | Ahead of print | Current issue | Archives | Submit article | Instructions | Subscribe | Contacts | Login 

RSACP wishes to inform that it shall be discontinuing the dispatch of print copy of JOACP to it's Life members. The print copy of JOACP will be posted only to those life members who send us a written confirmation for continuation of print copy.
Kindly email your affirmation for print copies to preferably by 30th June 2019.

Year : 2018  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 193-197

Efficacy of vaptans for correction of postoperative hyponatremia: A comparison between single intravenous bolus conivaptan vs oral tolvaptan

Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dilesh Kadapamannil
Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/joacp.JOACP_263_17

Rights and Permissions

Background and Aims: Hyponatremia is one of the most common electrolyte abnormality encountered in postoperative patients especially in the elderly. We aimed to assess the efficacy of single-dose intravenous conivaptan vs. oral tolvaptan therapy for correction of hyponatremia in postoperative patients. Material and Methods: This prospective randomized study was conducted on 40 patients aged 20–70 years, who had undergone major head and neck surgeries with a serum sodium level of ≤130 mEq/L and were symptomatic. Patients were randomly allocated into two equal groups. Patients belonging to group C received single intravenous bolus dose of conivaptan 20mg, whereas group T received oral tolvaptan 15mg on the first day. At 24h, if sodium correction was <4mEq/L, dose of tolvaptan was increased to 30mg in group T or an infusion of conivaptan 20mg over next 24h was started in group C. Results: Chi-square test, independent sample t-test, and paired t-test were used as applicable. Though there was no significant difference in the baseline sodium values in both groups, at 12 and 24 h group C had significantly high values. At 48h sodium values in both the groups were comparable. Intra-group analysis had shown that there was a significant increase in sodium values from the baseline at 12, 24, and 48 h in both the groups. Conclusion: Single-dose intravenous conivaptan as well as oral tolvaptan were safe and effective in correcting hyponatremia in postoperative patients. Conivaptan could be considered superior as it resulted in faster sodium correction with effective aquaresis.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded0    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal