Users Online: 1428 Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size  
Home | About us | Editorial board | Search | Ahead of print | Current issue | Archives | Submit article | Instructions | Subscribe | Contacts | Login 

RSACP wishes to inform that it shall be discontinuing the dispatch of print copy of JOACP to it's Life members. The print copy of JOACP will be posted only to those life members who send us a written confirmation for continuation of print copy.
Kindly email your affirmation for print copies to preferably by 30th June 2019.

Year : 2019  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 254-260

Incidence and predictors of postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing craniotomy and excision of posterior fossa tumor

Department of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Girija Prasad Rath
Department of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care, Neurosciences Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/joacp.JOACP_350_17

Rights and Permissions

Background and Aims: Infratentorial neurosurgical procedures are considered high risk for the development of postoperative pulmonary complications (POPCs), prolonging hospital stay of patients with substantial morbidity and mortality. Material and Methods: Patients between the ages of 18 and 65 years, who underwent elective surgery for posterior fossa tumors over a period of two years, were reviewed. Data including American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status; comorbidities like hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hypothyroidism, history of smoking, obstructive sleep apnea, respiratory symptoms, lower cranial nerve (LCN) palsy; intraoperative complications such as hemodynamic alterations suggestive of brain stem or cranial nerve handling, tight brain as informed by the operating neurosurgeon, blood loss, and transfusion; and postoperative duration of mechanical ventilation, tracheostomy, POPCs, length of ICU and hospital stay, general condition of the patient at discharge, and cause of in-hospital mortality were collected. POPC was defined as the presence of atelectasis, tracheobronchitis, pneumonia, bronchospasm, respiratory failure, reintubation, or weaning failure. Results: Case files of 288 patients fulfilling the study criteria were analyzed; POPCs were observed in 35 patients (12.1%). On multivariate analysis, postoperative blood transfusion, LCN palsy, prolonged ICU stay, and tracheostomy were found to be independent predictors of POPC. Conclusions: The incidence of POPC was 12.1% following infratentorial tumor surgery. The predictors for the occurrence of POPCs were postoperative blood transfusion, LCN palsy, prolonged ICU stay, and tracheostomy.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded176    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal