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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 252-254

Anesthetic management of an infant for aortopexy

Department of Anaesthesiology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Shruti Kumar
Department of Anaesthesiology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-9185.111658

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Tracheomalacia is a rare condition characterized by weakness of tracheobronchial cartilaginous bridges. Severe weakness results in tracheal collapse during inspiration, obstructing normal airflow. Tracheomalacia may also be associated with esophageal atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula, and gastroesophageal reflux. Aortopexy is an established surgical procedure for treatment of severe tracheomalacia. A 2-month-old boy was scheduled for aortopexy. He had already undergone repair of tracheoesophageal fistula and had failed multiple attempts at extubation. Intraoperative flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed to guide the amount and direction of aortopexy for assuring the most effective tracheal decompression. Since tracheomalacia is best assessed in a spontaneously breathing patient, it was an anesthetic challenge to maintain an adequate depth of anesthesia while allowing the patient to breathe spontaneously. Throughout the intraoperative period, SpO 2 remained ≥96%. Following the procedure, the trachea was extubated and patient was able to breathe normally.

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