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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 318-322

The effect of dexmedetomidine continuous infusion as an adjuvant to general anesthesia on sevoflurane requirements: A study based on entropy analysis

Department of Anesthesia, B. J. Medical College, Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Chirag Ramanlal Patel
No.22, Chirag Society, Opp. Ankur Bus stand, Ankur, Naranpura, Ahmedabad - 380 023
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-9185.117066

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Background: Dexmedetomidine, a α2 agonist as an adjuvant in general anesthesia, has anesthetic and analgesic-sparing property. Aims: To evaluate the effect of continuous infusion of dexmedetomidine alone, without use of opioids, on requirement of sevoflurane during general anesthesia with continuous monitoring of depth of anesthesia by entropy analysis. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients were randomly divided into 2 groups of 30 each. In group A, fentanyl 2 mcg/kg was given while in group B, dexmedetomidine was given intravenously as loading dose of 1 mcg/kg over 10 min prior to induction. After induction with thiopentone in group B, dexmedetomidine was given as infusion at a dose of 0.2-0.8 mcg/kg. Sevoflurane was used as inhalation agent in both groups. Hemodynamic variables, sevoflurane inspired fraction (FI sevo ), sevoflurane expired fraction (ET sevo ), and entropy (Response entropy and state entropy) were continuously recorded. Statistical analysis was done by unpaired student's t-test and Chi-square test for continuous and categorical variables, respectively. A P-value < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The use of dexmedetomidine with sevoflurane was associated with a statistical significant decrease in ET sevo at 5 minutes post-intubation (1.49 ± 0.11) and 60 minutes post-intubation (1.11 ±0.28) as compared to the group A [1.73 ±0.30 (5 minutes); 1.68 ±0.50 (60 minutes)]. There was an average 21.5% decrease in ET sevo in group B as compared to group A. Conclusions: Dexmedetomidine, as an adjuvant in general anesthesia, decreases requirement of sevoflurane for maintaining adequate depth of anesthesia.

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