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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 85-91

Evaluation of airway care score as a criterion for extubation in patients admitted in neurosurgery intensive care unit

1 Department of Anaesthesiology, Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Udeyana Singh
Department of Anaesthesiology, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/joacp.JOACP_362_17

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Background and Aims: Early extubation in neurocritical patients has several potential benefits. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is a crude measure of neurologic function in these patients and a low GCS score does not necessarily mean contraindication for extubation. Data on patients with neurosurgical or neurological pathology undergoing early extubation utilizing the airway score criteria is limited. Hence, this study was conceived to assess the usefulness of modified airway care score (ACS) as a criterion for successful extubation of neurocritical patients whilst comparing various outcomes. Material and Methods: One hundred and twenty four patient who underwent endotracheal intubation in the neurocritical care unit were enrolled in this prospective observational study over a period of 12 months. Patients were randomly enrolled into either the study group patients (S), who were extubated immediately after a successful spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) and an ACS ≤7 or into the control group (N), wherein patients were extubated/tracheostomized at discretion of the attending neurointensivist. Both groups were observed for comparison of preset outcomes and analyzed statistically. Results: Patients of study group experienced a statistically significant shorter extubation delay (3.28 h vs 25.41 h) compared to the control group. Successful extubation rate was significantly higher and reintubation rate was significantly lower in study group (6.6% vs 29.3%). Incidence of nosocomial pneumonia, duration of ICU stay and overall duration of mechanical ventilation were significantly lower in the study group. ACS and GCS had a negative correlation at the time of extubation. Conclusion: ACS can be used as a criterion for successful early extubation of neurocritical patients.

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