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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 201-206

Erector spinae plane block and transversus abdominis plane block for postoperative analgesia in cesarean section: A prospective randomized comparative study

Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Management, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, RIICO Institutional Area, Sitapura, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Durga Jethava
Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Management, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan - 302 022
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/joacp.JOACP_116_19

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Background and Aims: Erector spinae plane (ESP) block is an interfascial plane block given at the paraspinal region and provides effective visceral and somatic analgesia. Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is also an interfascial block that provides adequate somatic pain control. We conducted this study to compare the analgesic efficacy of ESP and TAP blocks with ropivacaine for 48 h after the cesarean section. Material and Methods: Sixty patients scheduled for elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia, randomly divided into ESP block (n = 30) or TAP block (n = 30) groups. After completion of surgery, ultrasound-guided ESP or TAP block was given using 0.2% ropivacaine (0.2 ml/kg on either side). Postoperatively visual analogue scale (VAS) score and analgesic requirement of each patient was assessed at regular interval for 48 h by a blinded investigator. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 21. Student's t-test and Chi-square test were used for demographic and other data. Results: ESP block provided prolonged analgesia compared to the TAP block, andthe mean time to first rescue analgesia was 43.53 h and 12.07 h, respectively (P < 0.001). The requirement for total analgesic was also significantly less in the ESP group compared to the TAP group (P < 0.001). Conclusion: ESP block provided prolonged analgesia with a significant decrease in analgesic requirement compared to TAP block and can be used as a standard technique for post-cesarean analgesia.

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